Embajada en REPÚBLICA DE AUSTRIA

Nacionalidad Eslovena por naturalización

Acquisition of Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia by Naturalisation (**)

The acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia by naturalisation shall be possible for the following categories of persons:

1. if a person has been living in the Republic of Slovenia for at least 10 years; 
2. if a person is married to a Slovenian citizen;
3. if a person lost citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia due to renunciation of or release from citizenship;
4. if a person is a Slovenian expatriate or his/her descendant;
5. if a person is without any citizenship (stateless person);
6. if a person is a refugee;
7. if a person attended and successfully finished at least a university study programme in the Republic of Slovenia; 
8. if a person was born in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia and has been living in the Republic of Slovenia since birth; 
9. if a person is a child under the age of 18 and has been living in the Republic of Slovenia.

Acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if a person has been living in the Republic of Slovenia for at least 10 years

A person who has been living in the Republic of Slovenia for at least 10 years, and continuously for the 5 years prior to submission of the application, may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of Article 10 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person must be at least 18 years of age;
• the person must have a release from current citizenship or prove that he/she will obtain a release if he/she acquires citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia;
• the person has actually been living in Slovenia for 10 years, and continuously for the 5 years prior to the submission of the application and has had a lawful alien status;
• the person has a guaranteed permanent source of income in, at least, the amount that enables material and social security;
• the person has a command of the Slovene language for the purposes of everyday communication, which he/she shall prove with a certificate verifying that he/she passed a basic level exam in Slovene;
• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to a prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the person has settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if a person is married to a Slovenian citizen

A person who has been married to a citizen of the Republic of Slovenia for at least three years and who has actually been living in Slovenia continuously for at least one year prior to filing the application may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the third paragraph of Article 12 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person must be at least 18 years of age;
• the person must have a  release from current citizenship or prove that he/she will obtain a release if he/she acquires citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia;
• the person has a guaranteed permanent source of income in at least the amount that enables material and social security;
• the person has a command of the Slovene language for the purposes of everyday communication, which he/she shall prove with a certificate verifying that he/she passed a basic level exam in Slovene;
• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to a prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the person has settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia for someone who lost citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia due to renunciation of or release from citizenship

A person who lost Slovenian citizenship due to renunciation of or release from citizenship and who has been living in the Republic of Slovenia for six successive months prior to filing the application may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the second paragraph of Article 12 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person must be at least 18 years of age;
• the person has a guaranteed permanent source of income in at least the amount that enables material and social security;
• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to a prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the person has settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if a person is a Slovenian expatriate or his/her descendant

A person who is a Slovene expatriate and his/her descendants to the fourth generation in direct descent and who has actually been living in Slovenia continuously for at least one year prior to submitting the application may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the first paragraph of Article 12 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person must be at least 18 years of age;
• the person has a guaranteed permanent source of income in at least the amount that enables material and social security;
• the person has a command of the Slovene language for the purposes of everyday communication, which he/she shall prove with a certificate verifying that he/she passed a basic level exam in Slovene;
• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the personhas settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if a person is without any citizenship (stateless person)

A person without any citizenship (a stateless person) and who has been living in Slovenia for 5 successive years prior to submitting the application may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the eighth paragraph of Article 12 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person must be at least 18 years of age;
• the person has a guaranteed permanent source of income in at least the amount that enables material and social security;
• the person has a command of the Slovene language for the purposes of everyday communication, which he/she shall prove with a certificate verifying that he/she passed a basic level exam in Slovene;
• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the person has settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Aquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if a person is a refugee

A person with refugee status granted pursuant to the Asylum Act and who has been living in Slovenia for 5 successive years prior to submitting the application may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the seventh paragraph of Article 12 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person must be at least 18 years of age;
• the person has a guaranteed permanent source of income in at least the amount that enables material and social security;
• the person has a command of the Slovene language for the purposes of everyday communication, which he/she shall prove with a certificate verifying that he/she passed a basic level exam in Slovene;
• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the person has settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if a person attended and successfully finished at least a university study programme in the Republic of Slovenia

A person who attended and successfully finished at least a university study programme in the Republic of Slovenia, who has been living in the Republic of Slovenia at least 7 years, and continuously for the 5 years prior to the submission of the application, may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the ninth paragraph of Article 12 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person must be at least 18 years of age;
• the person must have a release from current citizenship or prove that he/she will obtain a release if he/she acquires citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia;
• the person has a guaranteed permanent source of income in at least the amount that enables material and social security;
• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the person has settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if a person was born in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia and has been living in the Republic of Slovenia since birth

A person who was born in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia and who has been living in Slovenia since his/her birth may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia on the basis of the fifth paragraph of Article 12 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates the following conditions:

• the person has not been sentenced to an unconditional prison sentence longer than three months, nor conditionally sentenced to prison sentence with probation longer than one year;
• the person’s residence permit in the Republic of Slovenia has not been annulled;
• the person’s naturalisation poses no threat to the public order, security or defence of the State;
• the person has settled all tax obligations;
• the person submits a declaration that, by obtaining citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, he/she agrees with the legal system of the Republic of Slovenia.

Naturalisation of children under the age of 18 years

Children under the age of 18 years share the fate of their parents with regard to citizenship. Independently, they cannot acquire citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia, but only together with one or both of their parents. There shall be no automatic naturalisation of children under the age of 18 years; even if both parents acquire citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia by naturalisation, their child does not obtain it automatically if the parents do not file an application. The legal representatives of children under the age of 18 years have jurisdiction in this matter; if the child is over the age of 14, his/her consent is necessary to acquire citizenship.

Parents may submit an application for the acquisition of citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia for their child under the age of 18 on the basis of Article 14 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act, which stipulates:

• a child under the age of 18 years shall acquire citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia if so requested by his/her father and/or mother, who acquired citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia by naturalisation (the first paragraph of Article 14 of the Act);
• if one of the parents has acquired citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia by naturalisation, his/her child under the age of 18 years shall acquire it as well if said parent so requests and if the child has been living with him/her in Slovenia continuously for at least one year prior to submitting the application and has the lawful status of an alien (the second paragraph of Article 14 of the Act);
• citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia shall be granted to a child born in the Republic of Slovenia and not yet having reached one year of age if so requested by the parent who has obtained citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia by naturalisation (the third paragraph of Article 14 of the Act);
• if one of the parents has acquired citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia by exceptional naturalisation pursuant to Article 13 of the Citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia Act for national reasons, his/her child under the age of 18 years shall also obtain citizenship upon request by said parent (the fourth paragraph of Article 14 of the Act);
• citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia may be granted to a child having no parents or whose parents have lost their parental rights or their functional capacity, and who has been living in Slovenia since his/her birth, upon the request of his/her guardian who is a citizen of the Republic of Slovenia and with whom the child lives, provided that consent is given by the Ministry competent for family and social affairs, due to the acquisition of citizenship representing a benefit to the child (the fifth paragraph of Article 14 of the Act);
• in the case of adoption in which no such relation between the adoptive parent and the adoptee is established as between parents and children, an adoptee who has not reached the age of 18 years can acquire citizenship of the Republic of Slovenia upon request of his/her adoptive parents who are citizens of the Republic of Slovenia, if he/she lives permanently with the adoptive parents in Slovenia (the seventh paragraph of Article 14 of the Act).

(**) Fuente: http://www.mnz.gov.si/en/services/slovenia_your_new_country/citizenship/

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